West Kalimantan Province
West Kalimantan Province is located in the western part of Borneo island. Based on the specific geographic location, West Kalimantan traversed by the Equator (0 ° latitude) precisely in Pontianak city. Because of this condition, West Kalimantan has become one of the tropical regions with high temperatures and humidity. The other specific characteristics of West Kalimantan region is as one of Indonesia province that is directly adjacent to neighbor country, namely the State of Serawak, East Malaysia. Even with this position, the area of West Kalimantan is the only province in Indonesia that have officially access road to enter and exit to other country. This can happen because between West Kalimantan and Sarawak have an open inter-state road Pontianak - Entikong - Kuching (Sarawak, Malaysia) along about 400 km and can be reached about six to eight hours by car.
Generally, the mainland of the province was low-lying and has hundreds of rivers which are safe navigable, slightly hilly that extend from west to east along the Kapuas valley and Natuna Sea / Strait Karimata. Most of the land is swampy mix with peat and mangrove forests.
This land area is flanked by two mountain ranges, namely, Mountains Kalingkang / Kapuas Hulu in the North and Schwaner Mountains in south side, along the border of Central Kalimantan.
Rivers And Lakes
West Kalimantan commonly dubbed as 'Thousand Rivers Province'. The nickname was aligned with the geographical conditions that have hundreds of large and small rivers which can and often navigable. Several large rivers has become the main line for hinterland transportation, although land road infrastructure have been able to reach to most of the districts.
Lake Sentarum has extensive 117,500 hectare but sometimes nearly dry in the dry season, as well as the Luar Lake, which about 5,400 hectares. Both of these lakes have good potential as a tourist attraction.
Influenced by a vast lowland, the heights of the mountains are relatively low as well as non-active. The highest mountain is Mount Baturaya in Serawai district, Sintang regency which has 2,278 meters height.
Lawit mountain located in Kapuas Hulu, Embaloh Hulu district and first known in West Kalimantan, was only the third highest mountain because it has 1,767 meters high, while the second highest is Mount Batusambung (Ambalau district) with up to 1,770 meters height.
Although a small part of West Kalimantan region is the ocean, but West Kalimantan has dozens of large and small islands (mostly uninhabited) which scattered throughout Karimata Strait and Natuna Sea that borders the province of Riau, Sumatra.
The major island such Karimatan Island and Maya Island, Penebangan Island, Bawal Island and Gelam Island in Strait Karimata, Ketapang regency. Other major islands include Laut Island, Betangin Tengah Island, Butung Island, Nyamuk (Mosquito) Island and Karunia Island Pontianak district. Most of these islands, especially in Ketapang district is national park and protected area or conservation.